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Memphis: Sacred Egyptian necropolis

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The Memphis necropolis, at 20 km from Cairo, is the stunning archaeological site that is the home to several funerary edifices. Nestled on the Nile’s west bank, this is where you will come across rock mausoleums, old temples, big pyramids, and detailed mastabas. In its peak days, Memphis acted as the Old Kingdom’s capital during the 3100 BC to 2200 BC. Its architectural beauty, heights of edifices, and the manner in which they were constructed made this city to rank among the Seven Wonders of the World. This is history, but its present also speaks a lot of its honor – already declared as the World Heritage site! Continue reading “Memphis: Sacred Egyptian necropolis” »

Luxor Temple

Temple of Luxor

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The Temple of Luxor will always attract tourist attraction. It still has that mystery about it that is associated with all thing ancient Egyptian. Located in Thabes which was in ancient times called Waset and was the capital of the Egyptian empire in the 12th century.The huge temple complex runs parallel to the Nile and was built by the legendary pharaoh King Amenhotep III who reigned 1390-53 BC. He dedicated it to Amon Re,his companion Mut and sons Khons. The temple has been held in reverence by the Egyptians throughout the ages and is still a popular worship site here. The structure and complex of the temple was further expanded by Tutankhamun and Horemheb. You will also see a granite shrine here which is dedicated to Alexander. In the Christian era the temple’s hypostyle hall was converted into a Church. For thousands of years after that the popularity of the temple waned away and people forgot that there was a temple here initially. It lay hidden beneath the present day streets and houses of Luxor. A mosque of Sufi Shaykh Yusuf Abu al-Hajjaj was also constructed over it. Continue reading “Temple of Luxor” »

Karnak Temple Egypt

Karnak Temple: Mostly visited site after pyramids

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Marveled as the open-air museum, the Karnak temple refers to the enormous complex that engulfs pylons (monumental gateways), chapels, ruined temples, as well as other structures including the big structure commissioned by Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1391-1351 BC) and the majestic Temple of Amen. The entire site in Luxor is devoted to Amun, the main Egyptian deity. Continue reading “Karnak Temple: Mostly visited site after pyramids” »

Step Pyramid of Djoser

Step Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara

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Egypt is the land of many necropolises that refer to a big burial ground around the ancient civilization ruins. In fact, the term itself means the city of the dead. If one has to consider Egypt, the pyramids there generally form the burial structures and one such magnificent one is the Step Pyramid of Djoser residing today in the archaeological site of Saqqara that is simply called the Saqqara necropolis. Also called as the step pyramid, this architectural feat of the 27 century B.C. is accessible from the Memphis city. As the name suggest, this pyramid is the burial tomb of the pharaoh named Djoser, which was constructed by Imhotep, his vizier. Continue reading “Step Pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara” »

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Temple of Horus: Second largest in Egypt after Karnak

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Devoted to the falcon-headed deity, Horus, revered by the Ancient Egyptians; the Temple of Horus ranks second in the list of the largest temples in the nation. It is nestled on the west bank of Nile and on the border of the Edfu town – the site where the deity fought with his enemy, Seth in a war. Since its excavation in 1860s, the temple is very well maintained, which is the main reason for attracting thousands of tourists annually. Continue reading “Temple of Horus: Second largest in Egypt after Karnak” »

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Valley of the Kings: Ancient treasure of Luxor

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Also known as Wadi el-Muluk, the Valley of the Kings is Egypt is a rich valley that houses the burial tombs of the ancient Egypt’s New Kingdom Pharaohs as well as of their powerful nobles. Have you heard of the mummy? Well, that was discovered from this valley! Constructed for some 500 years during the period between 16th to 11th centuries BC, the valley is the final resting place of the kings of the 18th to 20th Dynasties. It was here that the pharoahs were buried in mysterious tombs and that too in such a way that nobody could spot them. However, today, most of them are plundered, but leaving a few ones in their original state. Continue reading “Valley of the Kings: Ancient treasure of Luxor” »